Types of Ostomy
There are three main types of ostomy: colostomy, ileostomy, and urostomy.
- A colostomy is created when part of the colon is brought to the abdomen’s surface to form a stoma.
- An ileostomy is created when the entire colon is removed, and the small intestine forms a stoma.
- A urostomy is created when the bladder is removed, and a piece of the small intestine creates a stoma for urine to exit the body.
Types of Ostomy: Colostomy, Ileostomy, and Urostomy. Understanding the difference.
An ostomy is a surgical procedure that creates an opening in the body, known as a stoma, to allow waste to exit the body. This can be necessary when the normal digestive or urinary systems are not functioning properly due to various medical conditions or injuries. The stoma is connected to an ostomy bag, which collects the waste. While living with an ostomy can require lifestyle adjustments, it can also significantly improve the quality of life for individuals who are dealing with serious health conditions.
More info in: https://www.ostomy.org/what-is-an-ostomy/
different types of ostomy
There are three main types of ostomy: colostomy, ileostomy, and urostomy. A colostomy is created when part of the colon is removed, and the remaining colon is brought to the surface of the abdomen to create a stoma. An ileostomy is created when the entire colon is removed, and the small intestine is brought to the surface of the abdomen to create a stoma. A urostomy is created when the bladder is removed, and a piece of the small intestine is used to create a stoma that allows urine to exit the body.
Types of Stomas
A stoma is the opening created during an ostomy procedure. There are three main types of stomas: colostomy stoma, ileostomy stoma, and urostomy stoma. A colostomy stoma is created when part of the colon is brought to the surface of the abdomen. An ileostomy stoma is created when the small intestine is brought to the surface of the abdomen. A urostomy stoma is created when a piece of the small intestine is used to create an opening for urine to exit the body. Each type of stoma requires different care and management.
Ostomy surgery is a life-changing procedure that allows individuals with certain medical conditions to live a healthier, more normal life. It involves creating a stoma, or an opening in the abdomen, through which waste can be eliminated. While ostomy surgery can greatly improve quality of life, it can also present certain challenges, such as finding clothing that accommodates and conceals the stoma.
According to the characteristics of the residue that comes out through the stoma we can distinguish two large groups:
Digestive Ostomies – The residue is feces.
Urinary ostomies – The residue is urine.
Next we will introduce ourselves in the explanation of the digestive ostomies and what types there are.
Colostomy: A colostomy is a surgery that consists of the removal of the colon, the last part of the intestine. The colon is attached to the stoma, thus bypassing the rectum and anus. The stool will be passed through the ostomy bag attached to the abdomen.
The different colostomies are: ascending, transverse, descending and sigmoid according to their location.
Ileostomy: An ileostomy is a surgery in which the ileum, the final part of the small intestine is attached to the stoma, thus avoiding the colon, rectum and anus. Stool will be passed through the ostomy pouch attached to the abdomen. It is possible for the ileostomy to be located in different areas, but as a general rule, ileostomies are located on the right side of the person.
In ileostomies, the stool is liquid or semi-paste and the stool is passed throughout the day. The stoma does not allow control of stool output.
The irritability of the stool passing through the ostomy depends on several factors:
1. The PH of the residue.
2. Consistency, liquid or pasty.
3. Digestive enzyme content. In the ileostomy, the enzymes have a higher concentration so the stool will be more irritating.
Finally we explain the case of urinary ostomies:
Urostomy: A urostomy is a surgery in which the tubes that carry urine to the bladder (ureters) are attached to the stoma thus bypassing the bladder.
Ostomy clothing, such as belts and swimsuits, can be a helpful tool for individuals with ostomies. These special garments are designed to provide support and security for the stoma, as well as to conceal it from view. They are made from comfortable, breathable materials and often have built-in pockets to hold the ostomy bag.
It is important for individuals with ostomies to feel confident and comfortable in their clothing, and having options specifically designed for their needs can make a big difference. If you or a loved one has an ostomy, be sure to explore the various types of ostomy clothing available to find the best fit for your lifestyle.